Tag Archives: FSCW

Behind the scenes: Preserving Scrapbooks in Heritage Protocol & University Archives

While many of us no longer create traditional scrapbooks and rely on digital solutions in the form of Pinterest, Facebook, and Flickr, there are still many examples from the long history of scrapbooking that need special care. At Heritage Protocol & University Archives, we use a variety of methods to preserve our large collection. We choose the best way to preserve while trying to maintain the original look and feel for the viewer.




Some scrapbooks have a multitude of types of materials that need extra consideration. In the over 100 scrapbooks created by the Florida State College for Women and  FSU alumni, we have found things such as bones, hair, fabric, dolls, jewelry, flowers and other plants, along with paper based memorabilia. This scrapbook has varnished wood covers that require special handling and usually a sturdy box. 



If the scrapbook is in relatively good condition (clean of obvious dirt and debris, dry, no mold, or obvious insect activity) wrapping gently, and/or boxing and storing in a cool dry place is a simple way to preserve.When tying with linen tape, we are careful not to tie so tightly that the covers or pages are damaged at the edges.


IIMG_2873nterleaving pages containing photographs and other items with buffered or at least acid free paper can also provide  stabilization. Cutting the sheet to fir the page and gently tucking it in works well.




With photographs,  a properly cut piece of buffered or acid free paper can be slid under it to create a barrier between it and the paper it rests on. There is still the matter of the photo corners, but some separation is better than none.

If many additional sheets are needed, the spine of the scrapbook may not accommodate the extra pages. Scrapbooks that are too large, over-stuffed with objects (anything that exceeds the capacity of the binding) may need to be separated into parts, and either wrapped or boxed in sections to keep fragile items and brittle paper from falling apart.

Photo: Ohio History Connection

For albums with pages that are falling apart or otherwise in bad condition (bugs, mold, etc.) it may be wise to document the pages through scanning, photocopying, or photographing, and then remove as many items as possible and preserve them individually. Documenting the original order and other details of the pages preserves the context of items and the overall creation of the scrapbook, especially if there are notations or other items to preserve that cannot be removed easily. One method for removing old photos from paper and magnetic pages (sticky, striped backing), very gently saw back and forth with fine, waxed dental floss. 


These procedure are great tips for preserving your own scrapbooks, however removing items involves tools, patience, and a steady hand. The first rule of thumb with archival materials is to “do no harm.” If you aren’t sure what to do or aren’t comfortable with some of the more aggressive techniques, simply stabilizing your scrapbook is best (see interleaving and wrapping). If you are more daring, practice on something you aren’t attached to first.

What’s in a song? The many melodies of FSU

Continuing with tradition, the University Recreation Association continued to distribute song books after the transition to FSU.
Continuing with tradition, the University Recreation Association continued to distribute song books after the transition to FSU.

If you’ve ever attended orientation at Florida State, most likely you learned the words to the fight song (or at least how to spell F-L-O-R-I-D-A S-T-A-T-E), and probably heard the Alma Mater and “The Hymn to the Garnet and the Gold” two, maybe three or four times each. You can also hear these songs at football games, graduation ceremonies, concerts, and as the tinny and garbled hold-music while waiting to get through to financial aid. These pervasive melodies and chants are just a few among a long tradition of campus songs at Florida State.

Universities all over America have their own campus songs, written to spread school spirit or wax poetic about campus traditions. Often, though, school songs develop from chants meant to trash talk competitors. Our predecessor institution FSCW was no exception – the intracollegiate competition between the Odd and Even classes produced some pretty snarky verses. One such song, an Even anthem, skewers the Odds:

The FSCW Music Club edited the book with “the hope that this material may help toward a real renaissance of information college singing on campus.” This is the first collection of Florida State songs.
The bells of Hell go ting-a-ling-a-ling
For the Odds and not for us,
Up where the angels sing-a-ling-a-ling,
That’s where you will find us.
“The Bells of Hell”
The Odds weren’t going to just take that, however:
Go easy, Odd team,
‘Cause we don’t want to kill ’em quite.
We’re out to beat ’em.
So holler for the Red and White.
That Even team is mighty slow
Because they fear the Odd team so.
Go easy, Odd team,
‘Cause we don’t want to kill ’em quite.
“Go Easy, Odd Team”
The Florida Flambeau made appeals for the University to adopt an alma mater.
The Florida Flambeau made appeals for the University to adopt an alma mater.

After FSCW became co-educational in 1947, the school needed some new songs, specifically an alma mater. On May 16th, 1947, The Florida Flambeau announced a contest to select a new alma mater, and on November 21st, it was announced that Johnny Lawrence had won with his song “High O’er the Towering Pines.” While the song had been selected and performed at convocation and homecoming, the university dragged its heels to adopt the song. Flambeau writers appealed to the administration to make a decision, but were rebuffed by Dean of Music, Karl O. Kuersteiner: “[Choosing] an alma mater is like choosing a wife and that it demands much consideration.” Finally in 1949, two full years after the original alma mater contest announcement, the university officially announced “High O’er the Towering Pines” as the alma mater.

A blurb about the first time the “Hymn to the Garnet and the Gold” was performed at FSU

A little over a year later, a phenomenon happened: “The Hymn to the Garnet and the Gold” was premiered at the 1950 Homecoming by The Collegians (men’s glee club). Written by J. Dayton Smith for SATB choir, the song blew up. Women in their dorms were being serenaded with The Hymn and it was often sung at campus events. Eventually, the song was arranged by Charlie Carter for FSU Marching Chiefs in 1958 and captured the hearts of Seminole fans. FSU alum and friend of Heritage Protocol Paul Ort recounts the time when he committed a little petty theft to get a hold of a copy of The Hymn: “I still remember how guilty I felt when I hooked that copy of the SATB music from a University Singers folio while the choral rehearsal room was empty. But Carter had to have something to start with…”

Since then, there have been several other songs that have developed and shaped the identity of FSU: The Fight Song, written by Doug Alley and Dr. Thomas Wright, and the Warchant, a tradition that has one of FSU’s most disputed origin stories. Campus songs are still written today, in musical styles that are popular with modern students. A few years ago, FSU premiered “I’m in the Doak,” a parody of the Saturday Night Live sketch “I’m on a Boat” featuring famous former-Tallahassee denizen, T-Pain. More recently, FSU student Daniel Stamphil a.k.a. Blak Iron, released a remake of the Drake track “Know Yourself,” titled “Nole Yourself.” While these tracks herald a new era of campus songs, they will always echo FSU.

Lee Causseaux: FSU’s First Chief of Police

Lee Causseaux's FSU Chief of Police badge
Lee Causseaux’s FSU Chief of Police badge. Badge courtesy of Patsy Yawn.

Born in 1900 in Woodville, FL, Lee Causseaux was the descendant of a long line of Leon County residents and spent his whole life serving the greater Tallahassee community. Considering FSCW and FSU his second home, “Mr. Lee” (as most people called him) occupied many positions on campus, ranging from laundry operations, Superintendent of Landscaping, and his eventual promotion to Chief of FSCW Police in 1945. His influence was felt outside of campus, too – he was often called on by the Leon County Sheriff’s Office and Culley’s Funeral Home for assistance.

Chief Declares Cops Guard Students, Florida Flambeau, October 16, 1956
Chief Declares Cops Guard Students, Florida Flambeau, October 16, 1956

Before taking his position as FSCW Chief of Police, Causseaux protected students from a pervasive threat: the sun. As the Superintendent of Landscaping, one of his major projects was transplanting live oak trees from the campus arboretum to various locations around campus and Tallahassee. Causseaux’s love of landscaping never faded after leaving the position, evident from the friendship he had with accomplished horticulturist and FSU’s first First Lady, Mrs. Edna Campbell. He helped her landscape  the President’s home after renovations, and she would often share plants with him for his new home.

Causseaux on Campus
Lee Causseaux on Campus. Photo courtesy of Patsy Yawn.

Causseaux’s law enforcement career started in 1932, when he was sworn in as a Leon County Deputy Sheriff and FSCW’s first day officer. In a 1956 Florida Flambeau article about the necessity of campus police, Causseaux remarked that when he started at the university in the early 1930s, there was only “one man, whose duties were chiefly those of a night watchman.” Throughout the 1930s, the FSCW police force grew to include 3 more officers, and by 1939, police uniforms had been issued. The department continued to grow during the 1940s, as the transition from FSCW to FSU saw an increased need for police. By the time of Causseaux’s death in 1959, the FSU Police Department employed nearly 20 officers. Lee Causseaux served as Chief of Police from 1945-1959.

Lee Causseaux and his Wife, Alma
Lee Causseaux and his Wife, Alma. Photo courtesy of Patsy Yawn.
Lee Causseaux had two children with his wife Alma, whom he married in 1923. Causseaux’s daugher, Patsy Yawn, describes her father as someone who “cared for all [his] employees,” saying that he considered “FSCW/FSU faculty and staff [as] his extended family.” On October 24, 1959, after seining for mullet out of the FSU Marine Laboratory, Causseaux complained of not feeling well and passed away on the shore.  Yawn proclaims that her father’s death on FSU soil was “a fitting exit for a man who loved, lived, and breathed for the school.”

The Claude Pepper Library in Dodd Hall

Last Friday, the Claude Pepper Library at Florida State University celebrated its thirtieth anniversary. Since opening its doors on May 15, 1985 the Pepper Library has provided students and researchers with a place to study and learn, but more importantly, it has provided access to one of the more expansive political collections of the 20th century. In our previous blog post written by Pepper staff member Maria Meade we learned that the original location of the Pepper Library, Dodd Hall, was chosen by both Claude and his wife Mildred for its architectural beauty and the fact that Mildred spent much time there while enrolled as a student at the FSCW when Dodd Hall was the main library on campus having preceded Strozier Library by some 33 years.

From L to R: Frank and Tina Pepper, Senator Claude Pepper and Burt Altman, former FSU Archivist on opening day.
From L to R: Frank and Tina Pepper, Senator Claude Pepper and Burt Altman, former FSU Archivist on opening day.

Interestingly however, the first proposed location for the Pepper Library was indeed the top floor of the Strozier Library Annex. According to the initial proposal for the library, dated June 17, 1977, “material will be housed on a permanent basis in the Strozier Library…A portion of the top floor of the addition [annex] is being planned to house the Pepper Collection. This space will provide storage, study space for students, an office for an archivist as well as space for a replica of the office or offices of Senator Pepper to be arranged to plans formulated with his assistance.” Sadly, Mildred would pass away from esophageal cancer in 1979, and it was during the two year period before her death that the location of the library would be changed from Strozier to Dodd Hall, further honoring Mildred’s time at the university. Thanks to a $475,000 appropriation by the Florida Legislature, Dodd Hall was renovated for its use as the site of the library and museum. The renovations included the restoration of Dodd Hall’s vaulted ceilings, spaces for the Senators recreated House and Senate offices as well as exhibit and research space.

Claude Pepper speaks with the media in the newly opened reading room. Behind him in the distance are his and Mildred's portraits by renowned painter Howard Chandler Christy.
Claude Pepper speaks with the media in the newly opened reading room. Behind him in the distance are his and Mildred’s portraits by renowned painter Howard Chandler Christy.

Dodd Hall would be the home of the Pepper Library for the next eleven years before the collection was moved into storage once more while ground was broken on the site of the new Claude Pepper Center on Call Street. Tune in next week for our post which will give a little history on our current home!