Valentine’s Day gained popularity in the United States with the introduction of mass-produced Valentines cards around the middle of the 19th century. Most of these early cards have long since disappeared, but we are fortunate to have many examples of early 20th century valentines here in Special Collections & Archives.
Aside from being a repository for manuscripts and rare books, Special Collections & Archives is also the home of the Heritage & University Archives for Florida State University and its predecessor, the Florida State College for Women (FSCW). A popular pastime for the students of FSCW was to construct scrapbooks full of precious items from their everyday lives. These scrapbooks are full of photos, articles, notes, and other ephemera that provide a snapshot into what life what like at that time. Some even contain valentine cards from the time period.
This valentine is found in the scrapbook of Florida State College for Women student Florence Gregory (B.A. Sociology, 1940) and dates to circa 1931-1937.
This valentine is found in the personal files of Dr. Melvene Draheim Hardee. The card is from Dr. Draheim Hardee’s childhood and dates to approximately 1920.
This valentine is found in the scrapbook of Florida State College for Women student Marion Laura Stine and dates to circa 1917-1921.
This valentine is found in the scrapbook of Florida State College for Women student Annie Gertrude Gilliam and dates to circa 1925-1931.
This valentine is found in the scrapbook of Florida State College for Women student Janet MacGowan West (BS 1922) and dates to circa 1917-1954.
Wishing you a happy Valentine’s Day from Special Collections & Archives!
Glowchild, and other Poems, published in 1972, is an anthology of works by black poets on the subjects of “nature, passion, politics, hope, peace, freedom, and other topics, gathered primarily with the inner-city youth in mind” (Catalog Description). The included poems were selected by Ruby Dee, poet, playwright, actress, journalist, and lifelong activist.
Nature and Poetry
To choose a poem to highlight in this collection is difficult, as they are all worth reading, but following this Year of Poetry month’s theme, Nature and Poetry, we’ll focus on two poems that consider an aspect of nature and use that image to reflect on some of the complexities of human experience. Both poets were high school students.
I love, the birds that sing to me in the
Birth of morning.
I love, the cold clear water on my skin to wake
My rested face.
I love, walking briskly through the clean
Crisp noon air.
I love, to see people being
I love, to see love being loved
--- LaVerne Davis, New Rochelle H.S.
Have you ever watched a fly trying to get out a window?
It yearns for the sunshine on its back, and lost freedom.
It goes back and forth trying to get out.
Maybe it's trying to tell US something.
Should WE also try to get out,
Get back to the outdoors,
Escape from the prison called civilization?
To where a man is free and doesn't die from 9-5.
Where he's not boxed in by responsibility.
Yes, maybe WE also should be looking for the space in the window to Escape.
--- Robert Kaufmann, Albert Leonard Jr. H.S.
In Dee’s introduction to the collection, she stresses the importance of these poems:
American Negro Theater
The anthology is a poetic continuation of Dee’s activist work, and its target audience of “inner-city youth” is near and dear to Dee’s own experience growing up in Harlem in the 30s and 40s. She began her acting career with the American Negro Theater (ANT), a group founded in 1940 when Abram Hill and Frederick O’Neal approached librarians of the Harlem Branch of the New York Public Library system; the librarians offered the group the use of their basement stage and a game-changing theater troupe arose. Eventually, along with Ruby Dee, actors Sidney Poitier and Harry Belafonte came out of the American Negro Theater. ANT worked to write and produce theater that was thoughtful and radical.
The goals of the American Negro Theater were:
To develop a permanent acting company trained in the arts and crafts of the theatre that also reflected the special gifts, talents, and attributes of African Americans.
To produce plays that honestly and with integrity interpreted, illuminated, and criticized contemporary black life and the concerns of black people.
To maintain an affiliation with, and provide leadership for, other black theatre groups throughout the nation.
To utilize its resources to develop racial pride in the theatre, rather than racial apathy.
Ruby Dee is likely best known for her role in the stage and film productions of A Raisin in the Sun, which made its Broadway debut in 1959. Dee played Ruth Younger, the wife and mother of the impoverished Younger family. She became quite famous and popular, but never shied away from participation in political activism, leading her to be blacklisted and harshly criticized at several points in her career.
It is difficult to capture the breadth of Dee’s accomplishments in this space. To learn more about her amazing life and career, you can read a memorial piece, written just after her death, here.
Here is a video of Ruby Dee appearing on the Dick Cavett show in 1970, around the time that she began collecting poems for production in Glowchild, and other Poems.
Glowchild, and other Poems is a beautiful anthology, filled with poems by young black people writing about their experiences with the harsh realities of life. It’s disappointing to discover that the book was banned in libraries across the states. Dee carefully curated the anthology to incorporate poems that would be useful to young people who identified with the experiences of the writers; to take away access to that experience — and most of these bans took place in public school libraries — is a crime.
Rux, Carl Hancock. “Ruby Dee: 1922-2014.” American Theatre, no. 7, 2014, p. 20.
Smith, Jessie Carney and Lean’tin L. Bracks. Black Women of the Harlem Renaissance Era. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2014.
Have you ever wondered what the average salary of an FSU professor was in 1961? ($8,940). Have you ever been curious to know how many full-time students were enrolled in 1995? (23,950).
This information and much more is available in the FSU Fact Books now available on DigiNole. There’s a wealth of data in these documents from budgetary breakdowns and property valuations to organizational charts and enrollment statistics.
There’s something for everyone in these documents. History buffs can track the administration and governance of the university. Data enthusiasts have huge sets of information they can use track educational and budgetary trends. Many issues also demonstrate the important role alumni play in the success of the university.
All fact books from 1960 to the present are available to explore.