Tag Archives: science education

Digital Exhibit Now Available

For those unable to visit the Heritage Museum, an online exhibit has been created for the Heritage Protocol & University Archives project Degrees of Discovery. The digital exhibit includes additional items and information not included in the physical exhibit, providing new understandings about the various scientific developments on campus over the years.

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Digitizing a chemistry notebook on the Atiz book scanner.

Creating the digital exhibit offered an entirely fresh perspective of the objects I had curated for Degrees of Discovery. The first step was to determine the best way to view each object on a screen, rather than in person. Staging a physical exhibit requires an awareness of how items play off each other’s size, color, and texture; because digital items are more likely to be viewed individually, the focus lies with image clarity and whether the digital copy is a faithful representation of the original. After digitizing each object using scanners and conventional photography, I sat down to compile the information that would help people understand the objects they would now see on a computer screen. Rather than interpreting the items in relation to each other to tell a story, I needed to objectively observe each object in terms of size, genre, creator, and subject matter. The information I could glean from the item became its metadata. If you’ve used a catalog record in a library, you’ve seen metadata; it’s the information that describes the item, like the date of publication or its place in a larger series. This metadata allows users to search for objects if they have a subject, keyword, or title already in mind. Though arguably less creative than the initial curatorial development, the creation and implementation of the objects’ metadata is what makes it possible for users to find what they’re looking for.

To explore the digital exhibit, visit degreesofdiscovery.omeka.net.

Degrees of Discovery: The History of Science at Florida State

FSU_HPUA_2016003_B7_F2_005The Florida State University Heritage Museum exhibit Degrees of Discovery examines the history of science at Florida State, tracking the school’s development from early educational institution to twenty-first century research facility. Since the late nineteenth century, science has served as a fundamental aspect of education at Florida State University and its predecessors. After World War II, a surplus of wartime laboratory equipment and veterans allowed FSU to meet the increasing demand for science education across the country. Early programs focusing on physical sciences laid the groundwork for the development of advanced courses in a variety of fields, including meteorology, oceanography, chemistry, and physics. The creation of innovative research facilities offered new avenues for interdisciplinary collaboration and continues to encourage scientists from around the world to take advantage of the advanced technologies offered on and around the Tallahassee campus.

The process of creating this exhibit included extensive research into both the history of the University and scientific trends throughout the past century. Though Heritage Protocol & University Archives contains a wide array of scientific photographs from the 1950s and 60s, locating a variety of primary source material to tell a cohesive narrative was a challenge. In addition, as a literature student, my scientific knowledge was sorely lacking. In order to contextualize FSU’s developments, I interviewed faculty and current students involved in the sciences to gain a wider understanding of practice and principle. Research also involved reading transcripts of oral histories, scanning negatives from laboratory photo sessions, tracking the development of honor societies, and comparing a century’s worth of course catalogs to determine how science education changed over time.

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Another challenge of working with such a broad subject was that relevant items were spread throughout the collections of both HPUA and Special Collections. A newsletter published by the 1973 Speleological Society was tucked away in the Archives, for example, while a postcard donated by two alumni offered an early look at the Science Hall. Perhaps one of the most interesting finds was a set of hand-crafted lab equipment from the 1960s; as part of a chemistry class, students were responsible for creating their own glass stirring rods and tube connectors. During this time period, glassblowers on campus would even create unique, made-to-order equipment for scientists who needed a particular shape or style of instrument.

The practical side of installing the exhibit, however, limited some of our object selections. Because we cannot regulate the natural light from the large, albeit beautiful, stained glass windows in the Heritage Museum, older photographs were digitally reproduced and mounted to avoid damaging the original items. Adhering images to foam board for support and cutting them down to size was more difficult than I anticipated – straight lines and I clearly don’t get along – but with the help of the Archives Assistant, the resulting photos offered an impressive visual timeline of the school’s scientific evolution. Curating this exhibit was an incredible learning process about creative design, museum principles, and even some scientific facts. Degrees of Discovery offers visitors a glimpse into the ever-changing world of science while reminding us that the basis of discovery – curiosity, inquiry, and creativity – will always be a part of human nature.

Degrees of Discovery: The History of Science at Florida State will be on display in the Heritage Museum in Dodd Hall beginning in mid-April. The museum is open Monday-Thursday, 11AM to 4PM. An online exhibit with additional content will follow.

Dealing with the Oddities of Born Digital

From Timothy Kanke who completed a year-long internship with Special Collections this spring:

The Florida State University Science Education Curriculum Development Collection documents the creation and development of science teaching materials produced by the science education program at Florida State University from the 1960s to the 2000s. A portion of the collection is composed of many different types of digital media containing completed games as well as various stages of code development. My internship focused on further exploration of what is in this portion of the collection and to research means of preservation and access to these materials. This collection provides many interesting challenges. It contains many different types of storage media including 3.5” floppy disks, CDs, micro cassettes, DAT, Travan, VHS, DVDs, EX drives, Jaz disks, laser disks, 8mm magnetic tape, and U-matic tape. Another challenge is that a majority of the material are stored on older file formats for Apple II and Commodore Amiga computers that are not directly compatible to most modern operating systems.

Playing one of the video games includes in the Science Ed Collection
Playing one of the video games included in the Science Education Curriculum Development Collection

There are a few methods of moving old software to a modern platform. Both of the following methods create disk images that an emulator can read. One method is to directly connect the older machine to a clean workstation. For Apple II computers this is achieved with Apple Disk Transfer ProDos. This process has a specialized program installed on a modern operating system which is connected to an Apple II which has a modified version of its operating system. Another method is by using a specialized controller such as KryoFlux. It is a combination of a hardware controller (i.e. circuit board) and software. The original media storage device such as a floppy disk drive is connected to the controller. This allows access to the contents on a floppy.

This internship has also given me experience on conceptualizing a collection which shapes how the items are preserved and accessed. If the collection is to provide future generations the chance to experience educational software game play from the late 1980s to early 2000s, then the original equipment, or at least an emulator, is a necessity. If the collection is to document historical computer code, then the code itself and the accompanying documentation needs to be viewable. Or if the collection is focusing on the pedagogy, then a description of the gaming experience with the supporting printed materials might be sufficient for future research. The description of the game could be a walk through video. This kind of video interview captures the monitor output and the audio of the game as well as the words spoken by the player.

Of course choosing one conceptualization does not automatically exclude the others but a focus curtails unnecessary expenditures and brings to light what is truly necessary to preserve the collection. This allows the researcher to immerse themselves into the content and not be distracted by inconsistency of processing. It is impossible to predict how exactly a collection is going to be used in the future but a focus brings a cohesion to the individual items.